Composite bonding (also known as “dental bonding”) is a one-visit cosmetic dental procedure that can enhance your smile with little-to-no tooth removal.

It’s great for covering cracks, chips, stains and can even be used to close gaps in teeth or give you a straighter smile.

Composite bonding can be used as a stand-alone treatment or as part of an overall smile makeover that may include other treatments such as teeth whitening or Invisalign.

We use white filing (resin) material to add to your teeth to create a bespoke smile.


Monday – Friday 9.00 – 18.00
Saturday 9.00 – 13.00
Sunday Closed


Frequently Asked Questions about Composite Bonding, Putney

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What is composite bonding and how is it used in cosmetic dentistry?

Composite bonding is a versatile and minimally invasive cosmetic dental treatment that involves the application of a tooth-coloured resin material to the surface of teeth. This resin is carefully sculpted and hardened with a special light, effectively bonding the material to the tooth to improve its overall appearance. Utilised in cosmetic dentistry, composite bonding is a popular choice for patients looking to enhance the aesthetics of their smile without the need for more invasive procedures.

Applications of Composite Bonding in Cosmetic Dentistry

Composite bonding is employed in various cosmetic dentistry applications to address a range of aesthetic concerns. These include:

Repairing Chipped or Cracked Teeth

The composite material can be shaped to restore the natural look of teeth that have been damaged by chips or cracks, providing a seamless finish.

Closing Gaps Between Teeth

For patients with minor spacing issues, composite bonding offers a quick and effective solution to close gaps, enhancing the uniformity of their smile.

Improving the Shape or Length of Teeth

Teeth that are too short or have an irregular shape can be modified with bonding, creating a more desirable and symmetrical appearance.

Enhancing Tooth Colour

While primarily aimed at structural improvements, composite bonding can also be used to cover discolouration that cannot be corrected with teeth whitening procedures.

Benefits of Composite Bonding

Composite bonding offers several advantages, making it an attractive option for those looking to enhance their smile:

Minimally Invasive

Unlike veneers or crowns, bonding requires minimal alteration to the original tooth structure, preserving more of the natural tooth.


It is generally more affordable than other cosmetic dental treatments, providing a cost-effective way to improve the aesthetics of your smile.

Quick Results

The entire procedure can often be completed in just one visit, offering immediate improvements to the appearance of your teeth.


Since the process involves minimal tooth alteration, it is considered reversible, giving patients flexibility in their cosmetic dentistry choices.

Composite bonding is a highly effective solution for enhancing the aesthetics of your smile with immediate results. Its versatility and minimally invasive nature make it an excellent choice for patients looking to address cosmetic imperfections without undergoing extensive dental procedures. Whether you're looking to repair a chipped tooth, close a gap, or improve the colour and shape of your teeth, composite bonding provides a tailored and aesthetically pleasing solution.

How does composite bonding improve the look of teeth?

Composite bonding significantly enhances the appearance of teeth by addressing a variety of aesthetic concerns. This cosmetic treatment uses a tooth-coloured resin that is applied directly to the tooth's surface, allowing for the correction of imperfections such as chips, cracks, discolouration, and minor misalignments. The versatility of composite bonding means it can be tailored to the specific needs of each patient, resulting in a natural-looking improvement that blends seamlessly with the surrounding teeth.

Key Improvements Achieved Through Composite Bonding

The application of composite bonding can lead to significant enhancements in both the functionality and aesthetics of teeth, including:

Restoring Damaged Teeth

For teeth that have suffered physical damage, composite bonding provides a quick and effective restoration method, repairing chips and cracks, and restoring the tooth to its original strength and appearance.

Enhancing Tooth Colour

Beyond structural repairs, the composite material can be used to cover stains or discolouration that cannot be removed by traditional whitening methods, offering a brighter and more uniform smile.

Improving Tooth Shape and Size

Irregularly shaped or uneven teeth can be reshaped and lengthened with composite bonding, creating a more harmonious and aesthetically pleasing smile.

Closing Gaps Between Teeth

Minor gaps between teeth can be closed using composite bonding, eliminating spaces and enhancing the overall appearance of the smile without the need for orthodontics.

Advantages of Composite Bonding for Cosmetic Enhancements

The process of composite bonding offers several unique advantages in cosmetic dentistry:

Seamless Aesthetic Integration

The resin used in composite bonding is carefully matched to the shade of the patient's teeth, ensuring a natural-looking result that is virtually indistinguishable from the natural tooth enamel.

Conservative Treatment

Unlike more invasive procedures, composite bonding preserves the majority of the tooth's original structure, making it a conservative option for cosmetic enhancements.

Immediate Results

Composite bonding procedures are typically completed in a single visit, providing immediate improvements to the look of the teeth with minimal downtime.

Through these targeted applications, composite bonding offers a versatile and effective solution for enhancing the aesthetic appeal of teeth. Its ability to correct a wide range of imperfections, combined with the procedure's simplicity and cost-effectiveness, makes composite bonding a popular choice for patients seeking to improve their smile quickly and conservatively.

What is the composite bonding process?

The composite bonding process is a straightforward and efficient cosmetic dental treatment designed to improve the aesthetics of the teeth. It involves several key steps, each carried out with precision and care to ensure the best possible outcome for the patient. This process not only enhances the visual appearance of teeth but can also contribute to their structural integrity.

Steps in the Composite Bonding Process

The procedure typically involves the following steps:

Consultation and Planning

The first step is a detailed consultation with a dental professional, during which the patient's dental health is assessed, and goals are discussed. This stage is crucial for determining the suitability of composite bonding for the patient's specific needs.

Preparation of the Tooth

Minimal preparation is needed for composite bonding. The tooth surface is gently roughened, and a conditioning liquid is applied to help the bonding material adhere more effectively. This process is conservative, preserving the majority of the tooth's natural structure.

Application of the Composite Resin

The composite resin is then carefully applied to the tooth's surface. The resin is meticulously moulded and smoothed to achieve the desired shape and look. The colour of the resin is matched to the patient's teeth, ensuring a natural appearance.

Hardening the Composite Resin

Once the resin is perfectly shaped, a high-intensity light is used to harden (or cure) the composite material, bonding it securely to the tooth. This step is quick but critical for ensuring the durability of the bonding.

Polishing and Finishing Touches

The final step involves polishing and making any necessary adjustments to the bonded tooth to ensure it matches the surrounding teeth and feels natural in the mouth. This meticulous attention to detail ensures the finished result is both aesthetically pleasing and functional.

Aftercare for Composite Bonding

While composite bonding is durable, maintaining good oral hygiene practices and following specific care instructions can extend the life of the bonded teeth. Regular dental check-ups, proper brushing and flossing, and avoiding habits that can damage the teeth (such as biting on hard objects) are recommended to keep the bonding in optimal condition.

The composite bonding process is favoured for its ability to deliver significant cosmetic improvements through a procedure that is both minimally invasive and time-efficient. By carefully adhering to each step of the process, patients can enjoy a transformed smile with results that can last for many years with proper care.

How long does composite bonding usually last?

Composite bonding is a popular cosmetic dentistry procedure known for its ability to improve the appearance of teeth quickly and non-invasively. The longevity of composite bonding can vary depending on several factors, including the location of the bonding on the teeth, the patient's oral hygiene practices, and lifestyle habits. Generally, composite bonding is expected to last between 5 to 7 years before it may need to be replaced or repaired, although with meticulous care, it can last even longer.

Factors Influencing the Longevity of Composite Bonding

The durability of composite bonding is influenced by several key factors:

Quality of Oral Hygiene

Good oral hygiene practices, including regular brushing, flossing, and dental check-ups, are crucial for extending the life of composite bonding. Proper care can prevent staining and degradation of the composite material.

Lifestyle Habits

Lifestyle choices, such as consuming staining foods and drinks (like coffee, tea, and red wine), smoking, and using teeth as tools, can negatively impact the longevity of composite bonding by causing discolouration or physical damage.

Location of the Bonding

Bonding applied to teeth that are heavily used for biting and chewing may wear down faster than bonding on teeth that undergo less stress.

Material and Application Technique

The quality of the composite resin material and the precision of the application technique also play significant roles in how long the bonding will last. Advances in dental materials and techniques continue to improve the durability and appearance of composite bonding.

Maintaining Composite Bonding

To maximise the lifespan of composite bonding, patients are advised to:

Avoid Hard and Sticky Foods

Avoiding hard and sticky foods can prevent chipping and detachment of the composite material.

Wear a Mouthguard if Necessary

For those who grind their teeth at night or participate in contact sports, wearing a mouthguard can protect the bonding from damage.

Regular Dental Visits

Regular check-ups allow for the early detection and repair of any issues that may arise with the bonded teeth, ensuring they remain in good condition for as long as possible.

With the right care and precautions, composite bonding can significantly enhance the aesthetics of one's smile for many years, making it a valuable and cost-effective option for cosmetic dental improvement.

Can composite bonding be removed or reversed?

Composite bonding is a popular choice for cosmetic dental enhancements due to its versatility and the minimal invasiveness of the procedure. A significant advantage of composite bonding is its reversibility. Unlike more invasive treatments that permanently alter the tooth's structure, composite bonding can be removed or reversed if necessary.

Removal Process of Composite Bonding

The process of removing composite bonding is straightforward and can be performed by a dental professional without causing damage to the natural tooth enamel. This aspect of composite bonding is particularly appealing for patients seeking temporary cosmetic improvements or those who wish to keep their options open for future dental treatments.

Professional Removal

Removal involves the dentist carefully buffing away the composite resin material from the tooth's surface, using precision dental tools. This process is typically painless and can be completed without the need for local anaesthesia.

Restoring Natural Tooth

Once the composite material is removed, the natural tooth beneath is revealed. In most cases, the tooth returns to its original state before the bonding application. If any minor adjustments or polishing is needed, the dentist can perform these to ensure the tooth's appearance and health are fully restored.

Considerations for Removing Composite Bonding

While composite bonding is reversible, there are several considerations to keep in mind:

Reasons for Removal

Patients may choose to have composite bonding removed for various reasons, including the desire to upgrade to a more permanent solution like veneers or crowns, or to correct any wear or damage to the bonding over time.

Potential for Reapplication

Composite bonding can be reapplied if desired. This flexibility allows patients to opt for bonding removal and reapplication to update or refresh their cosmetic enhancements as needed.

Consultation with a Dental Professional

Before deciding to remove composite bonding, it is essential to consult with a dental professional. They can provide advice on the best course of action based on the individual's dental health and cosmetic goals.

The reversibility of composite bonding offers patients a flexible and low-risk option for enhancing the aesthetics of their smile. With the ability to remove or reverse the treatment, patients can enjoy the benefits of an improved smile with the comfort of knowing they can return to their natural teeth or opt for different treatments in the future.

How is composite bonding different from porcelain veneers?

Composite bonding and porcelain veneers are both popular cosmetic dental treatments used to improve the appearance of teeth. While they share the goal of enhancing dental aesthetics, there are significant differences in the materials used, the application process, the longevity, and the cost of each treatment. Understanding these differences is crucial for patients deciding which option best meets their cosmetic dental needs.

Materials and Application

Composite Bonding Material

Composite bonding uses a tooth-coloured resin that is applied directly to the tooth and sculpted into shape. This resin is then hardened with a special light and polished to achieve a natural appearance.

Porcelain Veneers Material

Porcelain veneers, on the other hand, are thin shells of porcelain that are custom-made to fit over the front surface of the teeth. They require a mould of the patient's teeth and are fabricated in a dental laboratory before being bonded to the teeth.

Procedure and Time

Composite Bonding Procedure

The composite bonding process can typically be completed in a single dental visit, making it a quick solution for cosmetic improvements.

Porcelain Veneers Procedure

Veneers usually require at least two visits: one for preparing the teeth and taking the mould, and another for applying the veneers once they have been crafted.

Longevity and Durability

Composite Bonding Longevity

Composite bonding generally lasts between 5 to 7 years, depending on care and lifestyle habits, before it may need to be touched up or replaced.

Porcelain Veneers Longevity

Porcelain veneers can last significantly longer, often between 10 to 15 years or more, due to the material's durability and resistance to staining.

Cost Comparison

Composite bonding is typically less expensive than porcelain veneers. The lower cost is due to the simpler application process and the materials used. Porcelain veneers involve a more complex manufacturing and application process, reflecting a higher price point.

Choosing Between Composite Bonding and Porcelain Veneers

The choice between composite bonding and porcelain veneers depends on several factors, including the patient's cosmetic goals, budget, and preference for the treatment's invasiveness and longevity. Composite bonding offers a quick, cost-effective option with minimal tooth alteration, making it ideal for patients looking for immediate aesthetic improvements. Porcelain veneers provide a more durable and long-term solution, with a greater ability to customise the shape and colour of the teeth, suited for those seeking a significant transformation in their smile.

Consulting with a dental professional is the best way to determine which treatment aligns with your personal dental health and aesthetic desires. Each option offers unique benefits, and the right choice varies based on individual needs and expectations.

What are the benefits of composite bonding?

Composite bonding is a cosmetic dental procedure that offers numerous advantages for individuals looking to improve the appearance of their teeth. This minimally invasive treatment can address a variety of dental imperfections, making it a popular choice for patients seeking aesthetic enhancements. The benefits of composite bonding extend beyond its cosmetic appeal, offering functional improvements and a boost in self-confidence.

Key Benefits of Composite Bonding

Enhances Aesthetics

Composite bonding can dramatically improve the look of teeth by correcting chips, cracks, discoloration, gaps, and minor misalignments. The tooth-coloured resin used in bonding is meticulously sculpted and polished to blend seamlessly with surrounding teeth, offering a natural and attractive appearance.

Minimally Invasive Procedure

One of the most significant benefits of composite bonding is its conservative approach. Unlike veneers or crowns, bonding requires minimal removal of the tooth enamel. This aspect makes it a less invasive option that preserves more of the natural tooth structure.

Immediate Results

Composite bonding procedures are usually completed in a single visit to the dentist, providing instant cosmetic improvements. Patients can leave the dental office with a transformed smile in just one appointment, making it an efficient choice for busy individuals.


When compared to other cosmetic dental treatments, composite bonding is relatively affordable. Its cost-effectiveness, combined with the significant aesthetic improvements it offers, makes it an attractive option for patients on a budget.

Improves Dental Health

While primarily cosmetic, composite bonding can also contribute to improved dental health. By sealing chips and cracks, bonding helps protect against further damage and tooth decay. Additionally, closing gaps between teeth can reduce the accumulation of plaque and bacteria, lowering the risk of gum disease.

Boosts Confidence

The aesthetic improvements provided by composite bonding can significantly boost a patient's self-esteem and confidence. A more attractive smile can have a profound impact on personal and professional interactions, enhancing overall quality of life.

Reversible and Adjustable

Another advantage of composite bonding is its reversibility. The procedure can be adjusted or reversed if necessary, offering flexibility for future dental treatments or cosmetic changes.

Composite bonding presents a versatile and accessible solution for enhancing dental aesthetics, offering immediate improvements with minimal discomfort and downtime. Its array of benefits, from cosmetic enhancements to functional advantages, makes it a preferred choice for patients looking to improve their smile without undergoing extensive dental procedures.

How should I look after my teeth after getting composite bonding?

Maintaining your composite bonding and ensuring its longevity involves proper care and attention to your dental hygiene. After undergoing composite bonding, adopting specific care practices can help preserve the appearance and health of your bonded teeth, preventing premature wear or damage. Here are essential tips on how to look after your teeth post-composite bonding treatment.

Daily Oral Hygiene Practices

Regular Brushing and Flossing

Maintain a rigorous oral hygiene routine by brushing at least twice a day and flossing daily. Use a soft-bristled toothbrush and a non-abrasive toothpaste to avoid scratching the composite material. Proper brushing and flossing help prevent the build-up of plaque and tartar, which can lead to decay and gum disease.

Use of Antiseptic Mouthwash

Incorporate an antiseptic mouthwash into your daily routine to help reduce bacteria and plaque in your mouth, further protecting your teeth and gums.

Diet and Lifestyle Modifications

Avoid Staining Foods and Drinks

To prevent staining your composite bonding, limit your intake of coffee, tea, red wine, and other highly pigmented foods and beverages. If you do consume these, consider using a straw to minimise contact with your teeth.

Quit Smoking

Smoking not only stains your natural teeth but can also discolour your composite bonding over time. Quitting smoking will improve your overall oral health and help maintain the aesthetic appearance of your bonding.

Protecting Your Bonding

Wear a Mouthguard

If you engage in sports or grind your teeth at night (bruxism), wearing a mouthguard can protect your teeth and bonding from damage.

Avoid Hard and Sticky Foods

Hard and sticky foods can chip or damage the composite material. Avoid chewing on hard objects like pens, ice, or your fingernails.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings, typically every six months, to ensure your bonding and overall oral health are maintained. Your dentist can also polish the composite bonding to remove any minor stains that may have developed.

By following these care tips, you can help ensure that your composite bonding remains in excellent condition, contributing to a healthy and beautiful smile for years to come.

Will composite bonding stay the same colour over time?

Composite bonding is a popular cosmetic dental treatment that improves the appearance of teeth by correcting imperfections such as chips, gaps, and discolouration. While composite bonding offers a significant aesthetic enhancement, one common question concerns the stability of its colour over time. The colour of composite bonding can change slightly due to various factors, affecting the overall appearance of the bonded teeth.

Factors Influencing Colour Stability

Staining Substances

Composite bonding material is more susceptible to staining than natural tooth enamel. Foods and beverages with strong pigments, such as coffee, tea, red wine, and certain fruits, can stain the surface of composite bonding over time. Smoking is also a significant factor that can lead to discolouration.

Age of the Bonding Material

Over time, the composite material can gradually change colour or become slightly duller. This change is often due to the wear and tear of the material, as well as its natural ageing process.

Oral Hygiene Practices

Poor oral hygiene can lead to the accumulation of plaque and tartar, which can stain both natural teeth and composite bonding. Regular brushing, flossing, and dental cleanings are essential to maintain the colour and health of bonded teeth.

Maintaining the Colour of Composite Bonding

Preventive Measures

To minimise colour changes, it's advisable to avoid or limit exposure to known staining agents, use a straw when consuming pigmented beverages, and maintain a strict oral hygiene regimen.

Professional Care

Regular dental check-ups and cleanings are crucial for removing surface stains and maintaining the appearance of composite bonding. Your dentist can also provide professional advice on specific products or treatments that can help preserve the colour of the bonding material.

Touch-up Treatments

If significant discolouration occurs, touch-up treatments or a full replacement of the composite material may be necessary to restore the desired appearance. Consultation with your dentist will determine the best course of action based on the condition of the bonding and the extent of the colour change.

While composite bonding is an effective solution for enhancing dental aesthetics, it's important to have realistic expectations regarding its longevity and colour stability. With proper care and maintenance, the appearance of composite bonding can be preserved, ensuring a bright and attractive smile for many years.

Are there any risks or side effects with composite bonding treatment?

Composite bonding is a widely used cosmetic dental procedure known for its safety and effectiveness in enhancing the appearance of teeth. However, like any dental treatment, it may have potential risks or side effects, although these are generally minimal and rare. Understanding these possible issues can help patients make informed decisions about their dental care.

Potential Risks and Side Effects

Sensitivity to Temperature

Some patients may experience temporary sensitivity to hot or cold temperatures following the bonding procedure. This sensitivity usually diminishes within a few days to a week.

Discomfort or Pain

Mild discomfort or pain may occur immediately after the procedure, especially if the bonding was applied near the gum line or involved more extensive tooth preparation. This discomfort is typically temporary and can often be managed with over-the-counter pain relievers.

Chipping or Breaking

The composite material used in bonding is not as strong as natural tooth enamel and may chip or break if subjected to excessive force, such as biting on hard foods or objects. Proper care and avoiding such habits can minimise this risk.


As mentioned earlier, composite bonding material can become stained over time, especially if exposed to substances like coffee, tea, tobacco, and wine. Stains on the bonded area might require professional cleaning or touch-up treatments.


Though rare, the bonded composite material can sometimes detach from the tooth. This issue can usually be quickly remedied by reapplying the composite resin.

Minimising Risks and Managing Side Effects

Choosing an Experienced Dental Professional

Selecting a dental professional with extensive experience in composite bonding can significantly reduce the likelihood of complications. A skilled practitioner will ensure that the bonding material is applied correctly and with minimal risk to the tooth.

Following Aftercare Instructions

Adhering to aftercare instructions provided by your dentist is crucial for preventing side effects and maintaining the integrity of the composite bonding. This includes proper oral hygiene practices and dietary modifications to avoid staining and damage.

Regular Dental Check-ups

Scheduling regular dental check-ups allows for the early detection and treatment of any issues that may arise, ensuring the longevity and success of the composite bonding treatment.

While composite bonding is considered a safe and effective way to improve dental aesthetics, being aware of potential risks and side effects enables patients to take proactive steps to ensure the best possible outcomes. With proper care and maintenance, the benefits of composite bonding can be enjoyed for many years.

Composite Bonding at Putney Hill Dental